A colposcopy is a routine medical procedure that is typically used by a health care provider to examine a woman\’s genitals, vagina and cervix in a close manner. Typically, a colposcopy is recommended after a pap smear comes back with an abnormal result. A colposcopy can help with the early detection of cervical cancer, which makes the long-term prognosis much better than if the cervical cancer went undetected.
Sometimes during a colposcopy, your health care provider may perform a biopsy. A biopsy involves a process of removing a small sample or samples of tissue from the abnormal areas that may be around or even in the cervix. A pathologist will examine the tissue samples to see if they are cancerous or not.
Having a colposcopy should not create problems for you getting pregnant. Even if your health care provider takes a sample for a biopsy, the amount of tissue that is taken is extremely small and will not affect your chances of becoming pregnant. The worst side effects of a colposcopy tend to be a little bit of bleeding or a dark-colored discharge afterwards. This discharge generally occurs after a biopsy, as your health care provider will likely put a brown-yellow paste on the spot where she took the sample. This paste mixed with your blood creates a dark-colored discharge.
The purpose of a colposcopy is, generally, to look for cervical cancer. Unlike the procedure, cervical cancer can indeed create problems with getting pregnant. In fact, if you have had an abnormal pap spear, you are much more likely to have problems getting pregnant by not having a colposcopy, rather than by having one.
If you are pregnant or have been trying to become pregnant, you should inform your health care provider before she does a colposcopy. Generally, there is no reason that you wouldn’t be able to have the procedure, but it may be that your health care provider wishes to do the procedure differently if you are already pregnant.