What is an Anovulatory Cycle?
An anovulatory cycle is a cycle where ovulation does not occur. You may or may not bleed, and no egg will be released and you won’t ovulate. That is why it is called anovulation. Generally, women experience anovulatory cycles during menopause. If anovulation happens before menopause then it will play a role in infertility or difficulty conceiving. It is not uncommon for women to experience an anovulatory cycle here or there, especially during adolescence and perimenopause. However, it is not normal for women of childbearing age to frequently experience anovulatory cycles.
What causes it?
There are so many different potential causes for anovulation that it is difficult to make a determination without in depth study of the individual, her history, and diagnostic tests. In some women the cause of anovulation is simple to detect yet in other women it is much more difficult.
Hormonal imbalances almost always play a role in anovulation. For example, women who exercise strenuously may find they don’t have regular periods if they have them at all. That’s because the excess of exercise causes the hormonal balance to be disrupted and ovulation does not occur. In some cases, especially with athletes, menstruation does not occur either.
Other women don’t ovulate because they are experiencing problems like luteal phase defect, polycystic ovary syndrome, primary ovarian failure, tumors, and other causes. Only a doctor can effectively determine what is causing anovulatory cycles in a woman and offer a plan to help restore the cycle and ovulation so that pregnancy can occur.
It’s not always easy to know if you are having an anovulatory cycle or not, especially if you experience regular bleeding because there is no way to know for sure if you ovulated or not. If you have regular periods and have been trying to conceive with no luck then you will want to talk with your doctor about the possibility of anovulatory cycles.