When it comes to male fertility problems, there are two specific problems that tend to occur most often. The first of these is low sperm count. A low sperm count refers to a situation in which a man’s semen does not contain a “normal” amount of sperm. A low sperm count is the most common fertility problem for men. After a low sperm count, however, the second most common fertility problem for men is low sperm motility. Low sperm motility refers to a situation in where enough of a man’s sperm do not move forward. If the sperm do not move forward, they cannot make the journey from the vagina past the cervix towards the fallopian tubes, where they can fertilize an egg. While there are relatively few medical treatments options for low sperm motility, there are some natural treatment options that may work for some men. In addition, lifestyle changes may be all that is needed to treat low sperm motility.
In terms of the medical treatment options for low sperm motility, the choices facing a man are relatively involved and expensive. For example, a health care provider may be able to collect a sample of a man’s semen and then inject the semen into the woman’s body, as with a procedure like Intrauterine Insemination (IUI). Or, the egg may be fertilized in the lab, and then placed in the woman’s uterus, such as with In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). These procedures eliminate the need for the man’s sperm to swim forward.
There are some natural treatments for men with fertility issues that may help with low sperm motility. Ginseng, Vitamin c, Zinc, and lycopene have all been thought to help when a man has sperm problems, whether it is low sperm count, low sperm motility, or abnormal sperm.
Finally, there are some environmental factors that can create low sperm motility. In these cases, avoiding those factors is the best treatment option for low sperm motility. Extreme heat, for example, is thought to affect both sperm count and sperm motility. The man who is trying to conceive, then, should avoid hot baths, saunas, whirlpools, and even tight fitting underwear. Sometimes exposure to heavy metals, or even smoking can contribute to low sperm motility. Eliminating these factors is often the most effective treatment option for low sperm motility.